Pediatric ophthalmology is a medical specialty that treats visual disorders and eye diseases in children, whether they are babies, child or adolescents. To treat the sight of infants, it is necessary to be a specialist because their sight is growing, techniques and diseases are not the same as in adults. Particular care should be taken to monitor the sight of premature babies.
Children develop different eye pathologies such as :
Consultation with the specialist is very gentle. As a rule, the child can even stay on the knees of his parents if he wants to. The consultation begins with an interview with the parents to know the family history. Then the doctor or his collaborators carry out the clinical examination of the child. It tests the shrinking reflex of the pupil, it checks the proper functioning of each eye, it presents colored objects to see if the child reacts and follows the movements with the eyes. He can then inject drops and detect possible corneal abnormalities with a microscope. Only if the child is more than 3 years old, he will measure the visual acuity from afar, closely and the perception of the relief.