The retina is the inner membrane of the eye intended to receive light impressions and transmit them to the optic nerve. It is the sensitive organ of vision. The retina is a very thin membrane, subject to various diseases.
There are many symptoms associated with retinal diseases, the most common are:
- The appearance of flying flies in the visual field that follow the eye’s gaze and fall gradually when the eye is fixed.
- Flashes of light in central vision, like flashes of light after looking too long at a light source
- Difficulty concentrating due to the part of details in the field of view where all objects become blurred
- Difficulties in driving, reading or even recognising certain people.
If the eye is not hidden and followed after these different symptoms it can lead to sudden vision loss up to blindness.
- Have diabetes or have parents with the disease
- Suffering from hypertension or cardiovascular disease
- Significant trauma
- Do not wear sunglasses when they are heavily present
Depending on the illness contracted and the cause of the illness, different operations are possible :
- Laser surgery : to repair holes in the retina
- Photocoagulation : to reduce abnormal blood vessels that can cause the eye to bleed
- Cryopexia : to attach tissue by cooling at very low temperature to treat retinal detachment
- Intravitreal injection of medication to treat muscle degeneration.